Knowledgebase
Managing Links
Posted by Chris M. on 24 January 2012 11:49 PM

Links

WordPress allows you to creates list of hyperlinks (sometimes known as a blogroll) to appear in your blog sidebar. You can create one list or many lists by using link categories to create specific link sets. By default, a sample link to thewordpress.org site is included in your WordPress installation to give an example of the kinds of information that might be entered when you create a new link. In the administration panel the Links section of the main menu contains three screens: Edit, Add New, and Link Categories.

Adding New Links

To create a list of links, each one must be added individually. To add a new link, go to Links → Add New from the main menu. The Add New Link screen, like the Add New Post and Add New Page screens, contains fields for entering information, and allows you to customize the screen based on the elements you find useful. The first three fields are the essential ones when creating new links, and are not able to hidden using Screen Options.

Name

The name of the link is what is actually displayed on your site.

Web Address

This is where the link points. Sometimes called a URL, this is the destination, or the site, you want to go to when you click the link. By default, the value of http:// is placed in the field to start you off.

Description

You may optionally enter a description of your link here. How the description is displayed on your site depends on which theme you use. The default Kubrick Theme displays the description directly below the name of the link on your site, and the classic theme displays the description to the right of the name.

The modules for Categories, Target, Link Relationship (XFN), and Advanced, can be expanded or collapsed by clicking on the module title bar, can be moved using drag and drop, and/or can be hidden using the Screen Options tab. The fields in these modules are not required to create a new link, but can provide additional information and functionality.

Categories

Categories are displayed in a module box that allows selection of one or more Link Categories in which to associate a link. New Categories can also be added by simply typing that Category in the box and clicking the Add button.

Note

Link Categories are completely separate from the Categories you use for posts.

 

Target

This modules houses radio buttons that allow you to decide how the link’s destination is displayed when someone clicks the link. Note: Specifying anything but none will cause validation problems on your page. In this specific case, however, these validation problems will not cause problems for your viewers’ web browsers.

_blank

The destination will open in a new window.

_top

If your site uses frames, this option could be handy. The destination will open in the current web browser window instead of the current web page frame. Don’t bother with this option if you don’t use frames, or if you don’t know what frames are; neither the default Kubrick nor the classic theme use frames.

none

The default option. This will open the destination in the current window (or the current frame if your site uses frames).

Visible

Do you want this link to be listed on your site or not?

Yes

The link will be visible (the default).

No

The link will not be visible.

Link Relationship (XFN)

XFN stands for XHTML Friends Network. WordPress allows for the generation of XFN attributes automatically so you can show how you are related to the authors/owners of site to which you are linking. XFN tags are an effort to add meaning to the connections (links) on the world wide web, and are gaining in popularity. See XFN Relationship Definitions for a list of available relationships.

When you add a new link you may specify in this section of the SubPanel the relationship you share in real life with the author of the page to which you’re linking. This will automatically add a rel="X" attribute to the HTML code for the link (where X is the relationship you specify).

XFN relationships are optional for WordPress links. You can leave everything in this section blank and all your links will still work.

XFN Relationship Definitions

To specify your relationship, use the following.

identity

Use this checkbox if the link is to another of your own websites. This relationship is exclusive of all others.

friendship

These radio buttons allow you to specify one of four different types of friendships:

acquaintance

Someone with whom you have exchanged greetings and not much (if any) more -- maybe a short conversation or two.

contact

Someone with whom you know how to get in touch.

friend

Someone you consider a friend. A compatriot, buddy, home(boy|girl) that you know.

none

Use this if you want to leave the friendship category blank.

physical

Check the met checkbox if this is someone whom you have actually met in person.

professional

These two checkboxes allow you to specify your professional relationship with the author of the link’s site.

co-worker

Someone with whom you work or someone who works at the same organization as you.

colleague

Someone in the same field of study or activity.

geographical

Use these three radio buttons to specify how you relate geographically to the author of the link’s site.

co-resident

Someone with whom you share a street address. A roommate. A Flatmate. A member of your family living in the same home.

kin

A relative. Someone you consider part of your extended family.

parent

our progenitor. Or someone who has adopted and takes care (or took care) of you.

sibling

Someone with whom you share a parent.

spouse

Someone to whom you are married.

none

Use this if you want to leave the family category blank.

romantic

Use these four checkboxes to define how you are “romantically” related to the author of the site.

muse

Someone who brings you inspiration.

crush

Someone on whom you have a crush.

date

Someone you are dating.

sweetheart

Someone with whom you are intimate and at least somewhat committed, possibly exclusively.

Descriptions of the XFN relationships were modified from those found at the XFN Getting Started page.

An XFN Example: Suppose a friend of yours whom you have met in real life owns the site http://example.com. When you add that site to your list of links, you can specify that the owner of that site is a friend, and that you have met in real life. The link that is created will be of the form <a href="http://example.com" rel="friend met">Example</a>. This link works just the same as a normal link, but contains extra information about your relationship to the site.

Advanced

The following controls allow more advanced manipulation of your links.

Image URL

You can specify a URL of an image to associate with the link. What WordPress does with an image depends on settings defined by the link’s category (see Manage Categories SubPanel).

RSS URL

RSS is a form of Syndication. If you are linking to a site with an RSS feed, you can enter the feed URL here. Again, what WordPress does with this depends on your theme’s template files. Currently, neither the Kubrick Theme nor the classic theme displays the RSS URL.

Notes

Notes to yourself concerning the link.

Rating

You may chose to rate a link from 0 to 9, where 0 implies that the link is unrated. What the rating system actually defines on your site is up to you to decide.

Save

Click the Add Link button to ensure you saved your Link to the database. Once you click the button, a confirmation text box will appear at the top of the page telling you “Link Address”.

Keep this link private

Click this checkbox to keep the Link private. This will make the link not visible when Links (Blogrolls) are displayed on your site.

Managing Existing Links

The Edit Links screen allows you to manage the various links previously added to your blog. Individual links can be accessed to edit the information about that particular link. Search and filtering ability is also provided to allow you to find desired Links. Above the table in the upper right is a search box where you can enter a word, or series of words, and click the “Search Links” button to search and display all the links that include your search words. You can use the dropdown menus at the top of the table to show only links in a particular category or to change the sort order of the table. Multiple links can be selected for deletion.

Links are displayed on this screen as rows in a table with the following columns. You can choose to hide any of these columns by accessing the Screen Options tab in the upper right and unchecking any column you don’t wish to see.

Name

The name (in bold) of the link and its description.

URL

The destination URL (Web Address) of the link.

Category

All links must belong to one link category. The category to which that link is assigned is shown here.

rel

This column displays all of the XFN relationships for this link.

Visible

Whether or not the link is visible on your site.

Hovering over a row will display the actions you can perform on this link. You can edit any of the properties of a specific link, or you can delete it. Mass actions such as mass deletion are performed by checking the boxes next to the items you wish to delete, choosing from the Actions menu and clicking Apply.

Link Categories

Each Link in WordPress is filed under one or more Link Categories. This aids in navigation and allows Links to be grouped with others of similar content. In creating Link Categories, recognize that each Link Category name must be unique, and that Link Categories are separate from the Categories used on your posts. If you are using the WordPress Default Theme (one of the two themes delivered with WordPress), Links are shown, grouped by Link Category, in the sidebar. This screen allows you to create new Link Categories, and edit or delete existing ones.

Adding a New Link Category

On the left side of the screen is the Add Category form, which allows you to create a new Link Category. There are three pieces of information associated with each new Link Category: the name, the slug, and the description.

Category name

This is the name that will be displayed in the sidebar above the links within this link category. To reiterate, the Link Category name must be unique.

Category slug

The slug is the segment of the URL that will define this Link Category. This is the equivalent of editing a permalink on a post. Again, the Category slug must be unique.

Description

Category descriptions are optional. Some themes take advantage of Link Category descriptions while others do not, so having descriptions may change the way Link Categories are displayed for your site. Even if Link Categories are not used by your site’s theme, you may still find them useful from an administration point of view.

Add Category

This is the most important part of the Add Category process. Once you’ve entered in all the information about your new Link Category, use this button to save it. The new link category will appear in the table to the right.

Managing Existing Link Categories

On the right hand side of the screen is a table that lists all of your Link Categories by row. Link Categories are displayed alphabetically. The table of Link Categories contains the following columns:

Name

The name of the Link Category. Remember, each name must be unique. Click on the Name to edit the Link Category.

Description

Link Categories may have an optional description.

Link

The number of Links which are members of the Link Category. Click on the number in the Links column to be directed to the Edit Links SubPanel to manage the Links in that Category.

Slug

Shows the custom slug if you have entered one.

The Screen Options tab allows you to choose which columns are displayed, or not displayed, in the underlying table. Clicking on the Screen Options tab shows a list of the columns with a check-box next to each column. Check the box for each column you want displayed in the Table, or uncheck the box to not display that column. Click the Screen Options tab again to close the Screen Options.

Hovering the mouse cursor over the Link Category row reveals the Edit, Quick Edit, and Delete action links under the Name column in that Link Category row. Clicking on a Link Category Name will also initiate the Edit Action. The available Actions are described are:

Edit

Clicking Edit displays the Edit Link Category screen to edit individual Link Category fields. This action can also be initiated by clicking on the Link Category name. The editing screen will allow you to edit the name, the slug, and the description.

Quick Edit

Clicking on Quick Edit will reveal a layer that allow inline editing of fields currently displayed in the table for that Link Category. Click save to submit changes, or cancel to discard changes and close the editing layer.

Delete

This Action deletes the Link Categories files. Delete is available only as a Bulk Action.

Note

Deleting a category does not delete the links in that category, but the links that were only assigned to the deleted Category are set to the Default Link Category as defined in the Settings Writing SubPanel.

 

You can also use the checkboxes in the far left table column to select multiple link categories for deletion. Check the boxes of the categories you wish to delete, select Delete from the Actions menu at the top of the column, and click Apply.

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